Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) are a way to specify the location of a resource on the internet. URLs consist of several components that together form a unique address for the resource. The general syntax of a URL is:
Here is a brief description of each component:
- Protocol: the protocol used to access the resource, such as HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, etc.
- Host: the domain name or IP address of the server hosting the resource.
- Port: the port number used by the server to listen for incoming requests. This component is optional and is usually omitted for common protocols like HTTP and HTTPS.
- Path: the path to the resource on the server’s file system.
- Query string: a string of parameters passed to the server as part of the URL. This component is optional.
- Fragment ID: a reference to a specific part of the resource, such as a section of a webpage. This component is optional.
Here is an example of a URL:
In this example, the URL specifies that we want to access the resource located at
https://www.example.com:443/path/to/resource, passing the parameters
param2=value2 to the server. The fragment ID
section1 refers to a specific section of the resource.